An informed arthritis patient is always an intelligent arthritis patient. Conquer rather than cope with your arthritis.

Rheumatoid Arthritis—Frequently asked questions

Does your family member suffer from rheumatoid arthritis? If yes, I’m sure you have seen all the pain & the difficulties he/ she has gone through. I’m sure you would like to know if you can do something to prevent the same happening to you.
1)What is the likelihood of you having RA?
The risk of future RA with a parent/ sibling with RA is estimated to be 3- 5 times that of the general population.
What tests can you do to assess the risk of developing RA?
1. The basic tests you can do is a Rheumatoid factor (RF) & anti- CCP antibody. Swedish Biobank study has shown that the risk of future RA of 4% if RF-IgM type is positive, 16% if anti CCP is positive & 22% if both Rf & anti CCP is positive. Most of the studies have shown that one is very likely to develop RA with either or both RF & anti CCP positive.
2. Genetic markers- These tests are not done on regular basis in pathology labs as of now. DRb0401/ 0404 alleles & PTPN22 are very good predictors of future RA. Any of these with a positive anti-CCP indicates a very high risk for future RA.
3)What precautions can you take?
a. Avoid smoking—smoking is a proven risk factor for developing RA. So one of the best preventive strategies would be to abstain from smoking.
b. Avoid excessive coffee consumption as it has been found to increase the risk of developing RA in a few studies.
c. Maintain good oral hygiene. Dental caries & poor oral hygiene leads to growth of bacteria that can predispose to development of anti-CCP antibodies.
d. Adequate vitamin D intake- vitamin D has been found to protect from RA.
e. Pregnancy & oral contraceptive use has been shown to protect from RA.

 


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Also Read:
How to arrange your kitchen if you have arthritis?
How to plan a house cleaning job if you have arthritis.
Carpal Tunnel syndrome
Anti CCP antibody in diagnosis of Rheumatoid arthritis.
Palindromic rheumatism
Rheumatoid factor
Rheumatoid nodule
What if I don't treat my Rheumatoid arthritis?

Created on: April 2007
Last updated on: Feb 2015
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